Oct 14, 2019

Turn Clay Into Growing Soil

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←Older revision Revision as of 00:12, 15 October 2019
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[[Category:Soil Chemistry]]
 
[[Category:Soil Chemistry]]
 
== Steps ==
 
== Steps ==
#[[Test Soil pH|Get your soil tested]].  Check with your local extension office (listed under government in the phone book) for a soil testing kit.  Follow the directions on the kit, and ship it to the state lab.  This is a low-cost method to give you detailed information on what components are needed to improve your soil.[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 1 Version 3.jpg|center]]
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#[[Test Soil pH|Get your soil tested]].  Check with your local extension office (listed under government in the phone book) for a soil testing kit.  Follow the directions on the kit, and ship it to the state lab.  This is a low-cost method to give you detailed information on what components are needed to improve your soil.<ref>https://ift.tt/2X6MeNI>[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 1 Version 3.jpg|center]]
#Add the suggested amendments to your soil.  Those amendments are normally found in fertilizer. The side of the bag lists a ratio such as "10-10-10" that identifies the relative amounts of NPK found in the bag (that's nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K)). If you are an organic gardener, use organic fertilizers in your garden, as well as compost.[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 2 Version 3.jpg|center]]
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#Add the suggested amendments to your soil.  Those amendments are normally found in fertilizer. The side of the bag lists a ratio such as "10-10-10" that identifies the relative amounts of NPK found in the bag (that's nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K)). If you are an organic gardener, use organic fertilizers in your garden, as well as compost.<ref>https://ift.tt/32g6FLf>[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 2 Version 3.jpg|center]]
#Clay soil may also need some secondary macronutrients, such as calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), and  magnesium (Mg). These nutrients can be side dressed on your plants as needed.[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 3 Version 3.jpg|center]]
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#Clay soil may also need some secondary macronutrients, such as calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), and  magnesium (Mg). These nutrients can be side dressed on your plants as needed.<ref>https://ift.tt/2IPerUI>[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 3 Version 3.jpg|center]]
 
#*Purchase sulfur at your local nursery.
 
#*Purchase sulfur at your local nursery.
 
#*Calcium can be found in eggshells. Just crush them up and sprinkle them around your plants.
 
#*Calcium can be found in eggshells. Just crush them up and sprinkle them around your plants.
 
#*Epsom salts contains magnesium. Make a mixture of 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts to 1 quart of warm water, mix well and spray your plants with the mixture.  Tomatoes and peppers especially like the mixture.  It will encourage those plants to set blossom more quickly.
 
#*Epsom salts contains magnesium. Make a mixture of 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts to 1 quart of warm water, mix well and spray your plants with the mixture.  Tomatoes and peppers especially like the mixture.  It will encourage those plants to set blossom more quickly.
#Consider using a winter [[Use Green Manure Crops|cover crop]] such as annual rye or any [[Grow Beans and Peas|legume]]. For particularly heavy clay soil, hairy vetch is an excellent choice.  It has an extensive root system which helps to break up the clay and provides valuable nutrients when turned under.[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 4 Version 3.jpg|center]]
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#Consider using a winter [[Use Green Manure Crops|cover crop]] such as annual rye or any [[Grow Beans and Peas|legume]]. For particularly heavy clay soil, hairy vetch is an excellent choice.  It has an extensive root system which helps to break up the clay and provides valuable nutrients when turned under.<ref>https://ift.tt/2IQnhlg>[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 4 Version 3.jpg|center]]
#When starting new beds, consider using [[Create a No Dig Garden|the "lasagna" method]] to prepare the soil.  Lasagna gardening is a no-till method for preparing soil and it helps to break down clay soil. This method uses layers of material, such as shredded black-and-white newspaper, compost, and coir. You build multiple layers as deep as possible and allow them to break down over time. There is detailed information on this subject to be found online. Some additional items you can add to your lasagna beds:[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 5 Version 3.jpg|center]]
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#When starting new beds, consider using [[Create a No Dig Garden|the "lasagna" method]] to prepare the soil.  Lasagna gardening is a no-till method for preparing soil and it helps to break down clay soil. This method uses layers of material, such as shredded black-and-white newspaper, compost, and coir. You build multiple layers as deep as possible and allow them to break down over time. There is detailed information on this subject to be found online. Some additional items you can add to your lasagna beds:<ref>https://ift.tt/2OMPNYT>[[Image:Turn Clay Into Growing Soil Step 5 Version 3.jpg|center]]
 
#*Grass clippings
 
#*Grass clippings
 
#*Leaves
 
#*Leaves
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== References ==
 
== References ==
 
*''Lasagna Gardening'' by Patrica Lanza - Research source.
 
*''Lasagna Gardening'' by Patrica Lanza - Research source.
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