Dec 30, 2019

Reef a Sail

Added sources and a reflist for the wikihaus content team.

←Older revision Revision as of 01:10, 31 December 2019
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#Reef while you are still docked for best control.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 1.jpg|center]]
 
#Reef while you are still docked for best control.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 1.jpg|center]]
 
#*If there’s any hint of stormy weather, shorten the mainsail before you set out. It’s easier to unreef, or let the mainsail out, if the weather threat recedes than it is to reef while sailing in the midst of high winds.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 1Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*If there’s any hint of stormy weather, shorten the mainsail before you set out. It’s easier to unreef, or let the mainsail out, if the weather threat recedes than it is to reef while sailing in the midst of high winds.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 1Bullet1.jpg|center]]
#Stay attuned to signs that reefing may be needed while underway.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2.jpg|center]]
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#Stay attuned to signs that reefing may be needed while underway.<ref>https://ift.tt/2spTGdB>[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2.jpg|center]]
 
#*Watch wind speeds. Reef when gusts become frequent or wind speeds increase by more than 5 knots.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*Watch wind speeds. Reef when gusts become frequent or wind speeds increase by more than 5 knots.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*Be sensitive to shifts in barometric pressure, changing cloud patterns and other weather signals.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2Bullet2.jpg|center]]
 
#*Be sensitive to shifts in barometric pressure, changing cloud patterns and other weather signals.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2Bullet2.jpg|center]]
 
#*Reef deeply. Shorten the sail as much as possible the first time. Again, it’s easier to let it out than it is to reef twice.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2Bullet3.jpg|center]]
 
#*Reef deeply. Shorten the sail as much as possible the first time. Again, it’s easier to let it out than it is to reef twice.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 2Bullet3.jpg|center]]
 
===Identify the Boat’s Reefing System===
 
===Identify the Boat’s Reefing System===
#Look for reefing points on the mainsail.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 3.jpg|center]]
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#Look for reefing points on the mainsail.<ref>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLZltgB75JQ</ref>[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 3.jpg|center]]
 
#*Reefing points are 1, 2 or 3 horizontal rows of cringles (reinforced grommets) and reefing lines (attached ties) on the mainsail. From the foot of the sail up, each row of reefing points shortens the sail a little more.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 3Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*Reefing points are 1, 2 or 3 horizontal rows of cringles (reinforced grommets) and reefing lines (attached ties) on the mainsail. From the foot of the sail up, each row of reefing points shortens the sail a little more.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 3Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#Check to see if the boat is rigged for jiffy reefing.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 4.jpg|center]]
 
#Check to see if the boat is rigged for jiffy reefing.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 4.jpg|center]]
 
#*This system runs a special set of lines through the reefing points, so you can reef the sail by tightening just one line.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 4Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*This system runs a special set of lines through the reefing points, so you can reef the sail by tightening just one line.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 4Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#Identify roller reefing systems.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 5.jpg|center]]
 
#Identify roller reefing systems.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 5.jpg|center]]
#*Boats with roller reefing have gears that allow you to shorten the mainsail by turning a crank that furls the sail around the boom or the mast.
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#*Boats with roller reefing have gears that allow you to shorten the mainsail by turning a crank that furls the sail around the boom or the mast.<ref>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NRcTBtPfrmw</ref>
 
#Find automated reefing systems.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 6.jpg|center]]
 
#Find automated reefing systems.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 6.jpg|center]]
 
#*Larger boats, and those used in racing, may be equipped with automated reefing systems. These are essentially push-button versions of roller reefing systems. In the most sophisticated systems, the boom or mast may have a specially constructed hollow into which the mainsail is furled.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 6Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*Larger boats, and those used in racing, may be equipped with automated reefing systems. These are essentially push-button versions of roller reefing systems. In the most sophisticated systems, the boom or mast may have a specially constructed hollow into which the mainsail is furled.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 6Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
===Reef the Mainsail by Hand===
 
===Reef the Mainsail by Hand===
#Head into the wind to keep the boom as motionless as possible.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 7.jpg|center]]
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#Head into the wind to keep the boom as motionless as possible.<ref>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PiJqVCVtcZs</ref>[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 7.jpg|center]]
#Loosen the boom vang, the mainsail sheets and the halyard.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 8.jpg|center]]
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#Loosen the boom vang, the mainsail sheets and the halyard.<ref>https://ift.tt/357Z5mz>[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 8.jpg|center]]
 
#Lower the sail just enough to align the desired row of reefing points with the boom.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 9.jpg|center]]
 
#Lower the sail just enough to align the desired row of reefing points with the boom.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 9.jpg|center]]
 
#Tighten the jiffy line if the boat is rigged this way.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 10.jpg|center]]
 
#Tighten the jiffy line if the boat is rigged this way.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 10.jpg|center]]
 
#*This creates a new tack and clew, shortening the sail.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 10Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*This creates a new tack and clew, shortening the sail.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 10Bullet1.jpg|center]]
#Secure the reefing cringles by hand if the boat is not equipped with jiffy reefing lines.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11.jpg|center]]
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#Secure the reefing cringles by hand if the boat is not equipped with jiffy reefing lines.<ref>https://ift.tt/2tdPq0G>[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11.jpg|center]]
#*Begin with the luff (leading edge) cringle. Secure it to the boom by catching the grommet on a hook on the boom, if there is one, or by inserting a reefing hook into the grommet and tying it to the boom near the gooseneck. You can also tie the cringle to a cleat on the mast. This creates a new tack. Tighten the halyard to secure it.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11Bullet1.jpg|center]]
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#*Begin with the luff (leading edge) cringle. Secure it to the boom by catching the grommet on a hook on the boom, if there is one, or by inserting a reefing hook into the grommet and tying it to the boom near the gooseneck. You can also tie the cringle to a cleat on the mast. This creates a new tack. Tighten the halyard to secure it.<ref>https://ift.tt/357Z5mz>[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11Bullet1.jpg|center]]
 
#*Secure the leech (trailing edge) cringle to the aft part of the boom, creating a new clew. Do this by threading a line up from the boom, through the leech cringle, and back down to the boom. This line may be led either down or forward to a winch that can be used to tighten the connection.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11Bullet2.jpg|center]]
 
#*Secure the leech (trailing edge) cringle to the aft part of the boom, creating a new clew. Do this by threading a line up from the boom, through the leech cringle, and back down to the boom. This line may be led either down or forward to a winch that can be used to tighten the connection.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11Bullet2.jpg|center]]
 
#*Gather up the loose canvas. If there’s time, flake the foot of the sail so it’s easier to manage. Secure this excess canvas by tying it loosely above the boom with the attached reefing lines, or with bungee cords threaded through the cringles. Don’t tie these lines too tightly, or the sail will crease vertically, and don’t tie them under the boom. Use square or slip knots so these ties can be loosened quickly if necessary.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11Bullet3.jpg|center]]
 
#*Gather up the loose canvas. If there’s time, flake the foot of the sail so it’s easier to manage. Secure this excess canvas by tying it loosely above the boom with the attached reefing lines, or with bungee cords threaded through the cringles. Don’t tie these lines too tightly, or the sail will crease vertically, and don’t tie them under the boom. Use square or slip knots so these ties can be loosened quickly if necessary.[[Image:Reef a Sail Step 11Bullet3.jpg|center]]
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