Jan 9, 2020

Maintain a Garden

Adding methods, sources, and greenboxes

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Gardens of all types can make your yard look beautiful, but they may get messy or overgrown if you don’t properly maintain them. Every kind of garden has different requirements and growing needs, so make sure you use the proper equipment and materials for them. If you’re growing vegetables in the ground or a raised garden bed, provide enough food and water to help them thrive. For flower gardens or general landscaping, remove weeds and get rid of dead growths. If you’re maintaining a water garden, ensure that it doesn’t get contaminated or dirty, or else your plants may not survive. With a bit of regular care and maintenance, your garden will look great!

==Steps==
===Supporting Vegetable Beds===
#Water soil to a depth of when it dries out. Use a trowel to dig into the soil and touch it with your finger to see if it feels dry. If it does, slowly pour water into the garden bed and allow it to soak in the soil. Continue watering the garden until the soil feels wet at least beneath the surface. Check the soil every 1–2 days to make sure it hasn’t dried out again.<Ref>https://ift.tt/37QYEin>
#*Avoid overwatering the garden since it can cause your plants to develop rot and prevent healthy growth.
#*If you’re able, install a [[Install-a-Drip-Irrigation-System|drip irrigation]] system so the soil stays moist.
#*Raised garden beds usually dry out faster than ones that are in the ground.
#Sprinkle 5-10-10 fertilizer on the soil 3–4 weeks after planting vegetables. Go to your local gardening store and look for a granulated 5-10-10 fertilizer that’s made for vegetable gardens. Use about 1–2 tablespoons (14–28 g) of fertilizer per plant and spread it into the soil so it’s away from the vegetable stems. Water your garden immediately so the fertilizer soaks into the soil.<Ref>https://ift.tt/37QYEin>
#*Wear gloves while spreading fertilizer since it may cause skin irritation.
#*If you’re growing vine plants, such as melons or squash, spread fertilizer as soon as the vines begin spreading.
#Remove weeds or crowded seedlings when you notice them. Check your garden every1–2 days and look for weed sprouts coming through the soil. Grab the base of the stem and pull up as much of the root system as you’re able to so they don’t grow back. Then pull any vegetable seedlings that are closer than to another growth since they may compete for nutrients. Pick out the weakest growths so you’re more likely to have successful crops.<Ref>https://ift.tt/37QYEin>
#*If you’d rather not pull the weeds by hand, cut into the soil with a hoe just below the weed or vegetable’s roots.
#Spray plants with soapy water to remove and prevent pests. Fill a garden sprayer or a spray bottle with of liquid dish soap and of water. Apply the homemade pesticide to the entire vegetable, including the stems and underneath the leaves. If you have trouble reaching all parts of the plants with a spray bottle, wet a clean rag with the solution and wipe the areas that you missed clean.<Ref>https://ift.tt/2No2qdV>
#*Try hosing your plants down with a gentle stream to clean off pests that stick on the leaves.
#*Avoid using chemical pesticides since they will stay in the soil or on your vegetables and make them unsafe to eat.
#Put fences around your garden to keep out larger pests. If you have rabbits getting into your vegetables, use a chicken wire fence that’s buried underground and extends up . If you’re dealing with raccoons or possums, opt for wire fences that are tall and extend underground. Put lightweight plastic netting around the base of the fence to deter animals from getting close to it.<Ref>https://ift.tt/39VZkoA>
#*If you have deer entering your yard, look for a mesh fence that’s tall and anchored to the ground.
#Till the soil at the end of the growing season to add more organic matter. After you’ve harvested the vegetables, drag a hoe through the soil to turn it over. Mix in the roots or stems that were left over from your vegetables so it decomposes and adds nutrients to the soil. Smooth out the soil and spread it evenly in your garden bed so it’s ready for the next growing season.<Ref>https://ift.tt/2us6twv>
#*If you want to add more nutrients, spread a of compost to the soil as you till it.

===Sustaining Flowers and Landscaping===
#Water the soil to a depth of if it feels dry. Dig a small hole with a trowel that’s deep and feel the soil with your finger. If it’s dry to the touch, use a watering can or garden hose with a sprinkler attachment to water the plants. Let the water soak into the soil until it’s wet below the surface.<ref>https://ift.tt/2QEozUL>
#*If you can afford it, purchase an irrigation or sprinkler system for your garden so you don’t have to worry about watering it yourself.
#*If you notice plant leaves turning yellow or drooping, you may have overwatered your garden. Let the soil dry out before you water it again.
#Pull weeds out by hand or with a hoe weekly. Look for growths in the soil between your plants at least once a week so your plants get the nutrients they need. Grab the base of the weed’s stems as close to the ground as you can and pull them straight out of the ground to remove the roots. If you want to use a hoe, push it in about into the soil to cut the roots before removing them from your garden.<ref>https://ift.tt/2QEozUL>
#*Don’t throw weeds in a compost bin since they could still spread seeds or take root again. layer of organic mulch over the soil to prevent weeds from growing through. Mulch can also help your garden retain more moisture so you don’t have to water it as frequently.}}
#Rake debris out from the garden beds. Remove any dead plant matter that’s fallen into the soil since it could easily contain diseases or cause weeds to sprout in the area. Drag your rake gently over the soil and collect any scraps or debris into a pile. Throw everything you rake out into a trash can so it doesn’t spread anywhere else in your yard.<Ref>https://ift.tt/2QEozUL>
#*Check your garden once or twice a week to make sure it's clean.
#Top-dress the soil with compost in the spring and fall. Start spreading the compost before the main growing season starts, or else your plants may not have the nutrients they need to bloom.<Ref>https://ift.tt/2FBWVBq>
#*Compost adds more nutrients to your soil and keeps your plants healthy.
#*You may buy compost from your local gardening store or you can [[Compost|make your own]].
#Deadhead dying flowers to help promote future growth. Wait until the blooms in your garden start shriveling up, or when they turn yellow or brown. Pinch the bases of the flowers and carefully twist them to pull them off of the plant. If you have difficulty removing the blooms by hand, cut the flowers at the base with a pair of hand pruners.<ref>https://ift.tt/2Tknpjd>
#*If you leave dead flowers on your plants, they may not bloom fully during the next growing season.
#*If you have perennial plants, cut them to a height of at the end of the growing season, or else they may not grow as well in the next year.<ref>https://ift.tt/2QEozUL>
#Cut the turf around your beds to maintain the garden edge. Stand so you’re facing your garden and keep your spade vertical. Place the sharp edge of the spade against the turf around the edges of your garden and push it into the soil. Pull the handle toward you to remove a wedge of turf so your garden has a clean edge. Continue around the entire garden bed’s perimeter with the spade.<ref>https://ift.tt/2QEozUL>
#*If you have an electric [[Use-a-Lawn-Edger|garden edger]], you may use that instead.

===Caring for a Water Garden===
#Cut plants back once or twice during the growing season. Use a pair of hand pruners to cut off any growths that look yellow, brown, or diseased. If the plant looks healthy, then opt for cutting back the oldest stems or branches to encourage new growth. Aim to trim about a third of the plant’s growth in the beginning and near the end of the main growing season.<Ref>https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR-OmA?t=251</ref>
#*If you need to reach plants in the middle of the water garden’s pond, walk through it with wading boots. Go slowly so you don’t slip or fall.
#*Some plants, such as water hyacinth, may need more frequent trimming since they are more invasive.
#Remove dead leaves or plants as soon as possible. Check your water garden daily to make sure there isn’t any foreign debris that fell into the pond since it could cause algae to grow. Pick out floating debris with a pond skimming net and throw it away in your trash. If you have dying plants, trim off any stems or leaves with your pruners before they fall into the water.<Ref>https://ift.tt/2serE4A>
#*If you want to prevent debris from falling in the water, stretch a piece of mesh netting over the water to catch it.
#Clear and rinse the filter weekly. Look for the pump along the edge of your water garden and remove the lid to access the filter. Take out any leaves or debris that are stuck inside the filter and throw them away so water can flow easily through it. Then pull the filter straight out and spray it with your garden hose to clean off anything that’s stuck to it.<Ref>https://ift.tt/2serE4A>
#*If the debris doesn’t rinse off of the filter, buy a replacement from a gardening store or online.
#Refill the water garden with your garden hose once per week. Water will naturally evaporate from your pond, so place your garden hose in the garden. While the amount of water you need to refill the pond varies on the weather, try to add about each week.<Ref>https://ift.tt/37QYFTt>
#*Avoid replacing all of the water at once in your garden since you could remove beneficial bacteria or stress your plants.
#*Some water gardens automatically refill depending on the type of pump or system you have.
#Place fertilizer tabs in the aquatic soil to stimulate plant growth. Fertilize your plants at the beginning of the growing season so your plants get the nutrients they need. Reach into the water and push 1–2 fertilizer tabs per plant into soil underwater and cover them. Over 3–4 days, the fertilizer will dissipate in the soil and water and keep your plants healthy.<Ref>https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR-OmA?t=225</ref>
#*You can buy fertilizer tabs from your local gardening store or online.
#*Avoid using standard garden fertilizer since it could cause algae to grow on the surface.
#Add beneficial bacteria to help maintain the natural ecosystem. Put the bacteria in your pond at the beginning of the growing season and follow up with more every 5–6 weeks. Follow the directions on the package and add enough beneficial bacteria based on the size of your pond. As the bacteria grow in your pond, it will eliminate algae and provide nutrients for your plants.<Ref>https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR-OmA?t=59</ref>
#*You can buy beneficial bacteria for ponds online or at specialty gardening stores.
#*It can take around 4 weeks for the bacteria to grow, so your pond may look green or algae-filled at the beginning of the growing season.
#Feed fish in your water garden daily. Get premium fish food for the species you have in your pond and toss a handful into your pond each day. Make sure you don’t overfeed the fish, or else they may not eat algae throughout the day.<Ref>https://youtu.be/xJ7vjrR-OmA?t=152</ref>
#*Avoid feeding fish after temperatures get lower than since they will go dormant and have trouble digesting solid food.

==Tips==
*Wear gardening gloves while you’re working since soil and fertilizers can irritate your skin.<ref>https://ift.tt/2QYGep8>

==Things You’ll Need==
===Supporting Vegetable Beds===
*Trowel
*Watering can or hose
*5-10-10 fertilizer
*Hoe
*Spray bottle
*Dish soap
*Wire fencing
===Sustaining Flowers and Landscaping===
*Watering can or hose
*Hoe
*Rake
*Compost
*Hand pruners
*Spade
===Caring for a Water Garden===
*Hand pruners
*Pond skimmer net
*Garden hose
*Fertilizer tabs
*Beneficial bacteria for ponds
*Fish food
==References==

__methods__


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